Designed by William Porcher Miles, the chairman of the Flag and Seal committee, a now-popular variant of the Confederate flag was rejected as the national flag in 1861. It was instead adopted as a battle flag by the Army of Northern Virginia under General Robert E. Lee. Despite never having historically represented the CSA as a country nor officially recognized as one of the national flags, it is commonly referred to as "the Confederate Flag" and has become a widely recognized symbol of the American
The self-declared Confederate exclave of Town Line, New York, lacking a genuine Confederate flag, flew a version of this flag prior to its 1946 vote to ceremonially rejoin the Union. As of the early 21st century, the "rebel flag" has become a highly divisive symbol in the United States.
A "salute" to the Confederate flag was written.
"I salute the Confederate Flag with affection, reverence and undying remembrance." -Mrs. James Henry Parker of New York
It was officially adopted in 1933 by the United Daughters of the Confederacy (UDC). This salute is still in use today by the organization and its auxiliary, the Children of the Confederacy and the Sons of Confederate Veterans.
According to the 1959 UDC handbook, this salute was to be given by the speaker while giving the Pledge of Allegiance to the United States flag; the Pledge was to be given first, and the speaker was directed to drop their right arm to their side before giving the salute. The current UDC flag code states that the speaker is to stand at attention and place their ungloved right hand over their heart.
The order of precedence for flag salutes and pledges is:
1) Salute to the Christian flag (if used)
2) The Pledge of Allegiance to the American flag
3) The salute to the state flag.
4) The salute to the Confederate flag.
Speakers are to drop their right hand to their side in between each salute or pledge.