Hamad International Airport (HIA), Qatar's brand new airport to replace Doha International Airport, is being constructed four kilometres from the existing facility on a 5,400 will be Qatar's only international airport.
Abu Dhabi International Airport, which is located in the emirate of Abu Dhabi, UAE, completed expansion projects in 2002.
Formerly known as the new Doha International Airport, this ambitious project in Qatar was undertaken in response to a projected demand for additional international passenger capacity to the region. The current airport handles 4.2 million passengers a year, whereas the new airport will be able to handle 24 million.
After completion in 2015, the airport will handle 50 million passengers, two million tons of cargo and 320,000 aircraft landings and take-offs each year.
Phase one was initially scheduled for opening in December 2012, but was postponed and finally inaugurated at the end of April 2014. Phase one allows for a passenger capacity of 24 million people a year and the transportation of 750,000t of cargo.
The airport is being constructed near the city of Doha and, when finished, will be approximately two-thirds the size of the city (12 times larger than the old airport).
Qatar Civil Aviation Authority (QCAA) and the New Doha International Airport Steering Committee are the bodies in Qatar responsible for the airport construction.
During the construction process, the old airport will be expanded and refurbished at a cost of $140m. This will increase its capacity to 7.2 million passengers a year for the interim period. A new dedicated departure facility named Terminal B was opened at the airport in June 2011.