ByBeatrice Ulloa, writer at
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Beatrice Ulloa

It commemorates the struggle of women for their participation, on equal footing with men, in society and in their full development as a person. Held on 8 March, when we commemorate the day of the woman, some do so thinking that it is a kind of joyous celebration. However, the true origin is far from being a reason to smile or to inflate balloons. What happened a little more than 100 years ago is really terrible reminded every March 8 is the death of 146 women. They died when bran could have been if they had been treated equally, killed in New York's Triangle Shirtwaist factory. But this article in fact speaks about The 20 women who influenced in the history of the world

1. Cleopatra

Born in the year 69 a. E. C., Cleopatra wasn't born in Egypt, she was born in Macedonia, although it was member of the dynasty Ptolemies, which governed the country of the Nile after the death of Alexander the great, claimed to be the reincarnation of the goddess Isis, who was the most important goddess in Egyptian mythology, and Cleopatra VII claimed to be his reincarnation which gave him a mystical air to his subjects.Cleopatra went down in history for being smart, seductive and perhaps one of the best strategists of existed, mixing diplomacy with beauty and seduction with manipulation.

2. Juana de Arco

Juana de Arco was born January 6, 1412, but the day that celebrates The French heroine is May 30 because it's the date that died, she was of humble origin peasant and illiterate, but had a warrior spirit who became unexpected achievements.She didn't use her real name. With only 17 years old, Juana de Arco came to lead the French army with 5 thousand men in charge. However, although it has been remembered as a "brave warrior", never actually participated in a battle or killing any enemy, but developing military strategies, he addressed the troops and proposed diplomatic solutions to the conflict with the British.

3. Ana Bolena

Ana Bolena was born at Blickling Hall, Norfolk, England. She was the daughter of sir Thomas Boleyn and lady Isabel Howard. Her younger sister was Mary Boleyn and her brother George Boleyn. It was Lady-in-waiting of the Queen Claudia de Francia, who was married to King Luis XII, joined his sister Mary in the English Court as a lady-in-waiting of Queen Catalina Aragon.en 1532 Ana Bolena got pregnant with the King. Thomas Cranmer, Archbishop of Canterbury granted the annulment of the marriage between Catherine of Aragon and Enrique VIII

The 25 January 1533 King Enrique VIII was married to Ana Bolena by what was excommunicated by Pope Clement VII. Henry VIII broke with the Church of Rome, proclaimed himself head of the Church of England.

4.Virginia Woolf

Adeline Virginia Stephen was born in the District of Kensington, London, England, on January 25, 1882.Daughter of literary critic Sir Leslie Stephen and Harriet Marion, whose father was the renowned essayist William Makepeace Thackeray.En 1905, began professionally writing articles, essays and reviews for the Times Literary Supplement magazine. In addition he taught English and history at London's Morley College. Virginia best known novels include Mrs Dalloway, posted in 1925, which inspired the novel by Michael Cunningham, the hours, winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 1999.

The novelist died on March 28, 1941 because of a drowning caused by placing herself several rocks in the pockets of his sack, in the River Ouse, near his home in Sussex. His body was found April 18 and his ashes were scattered under the two Monk completo House elms.

5. Margaret Thatcher

Margaret Thatcher was born in Grantham, Great Britain, on October 13, 1925 as Margaret Hilda Roberts, in a family of merchants grocery of conservative ideology. He took a degree in Sciences (1947) and law (1951) by Oxford University and specialized in tax law, in 1954 she was admitted to the prestigious Association of lawyers Lincoln's Inn.Thatcher had a meteoric after being elected parliamentary career which allowed him to reach the leadership from its formation in 1975, when he defeated Edward Heath, who was conservative Prime Minister from 1970 to 1974. After winning the general elections in 1979, the "tory" policy got repeat other two mandates, in 1983 and 1987. In 1982, he sent the largest naval task force since World War II to retake the Falkland Islands, after the invasion, starring a dying Argentinian military Government, causing a wave of patriotism in the country and treading his re-election the following year.

The recent movie "The Iron Lady", in which the actress Meryl Streep played Thatcher, began to debate the legacy of Thatcherism

6. Lady Di

Diana Frances Spencer, her maiden name, was born on July 1, 1961 in Nortfolk. Daughter of John Spencer, 8th Earl Spencer, and his first wife French Ruth Burke Roche. One of her godparents in baptism was John Floyd, President of Christie's. It was never a good student, he constantly failing grades. Diana said that the ballet he liked and excelled in swimming, but never devoted himself to that. At that time, in 1977 he moved to England and met the Prince Carlos de Inglaterra. Couple on vacation in Scotland are made in 1979. The couple was married in Saint Paul's Cathedral in 1981. Almost all European royalty attended the link, except for King Juan Carlos I, because on their honeymoon they made a stop in Gibraltar.

During their marriage, the Princess of Wales obtained the title of her Royal Highness and became very popular both for his charisma and beauty and for his collaborations in humanitarian works. The Princess has the Guinness record as the woman who starred in more covers of magazines and newspapers from the history, the interest was such that hogged media around the world

In 1992 the Princes separated and ended in divorce on 28 August 1996. Lady Di lost the treatment of Royal Highness, but retained the title of Princess of Wales, becoming the first non-real Princess of United Kingdom.

Since then Diana became a free woman, projecting an image even more charismatic, close and geared to solidarity projects. In 1987 was the first considered celebrities, in being photographed voluntarily touching a person infected with the HIV virus

7. Kathryn Bigelow

It is the first woman in history to the Oscar has won best director for his film zone of fear, in 2009. Her film has won six awards - best film, best direction, best script, best sound, best sound editing,best mix sound and best editing.

8. Sor Juana Inés de la Cruz

Juana Ines de Asbaje y Ramírez de Santillana born 12 November 1648 in San Miguel de Nepantla, Amecameca, daughter of a Basque father and Mexican mother, Juana grew up with his maternal grandfather Pedro Ramírez at the hacienda de Panoayan, where showed their love for the letters and asked to be sent to study at the University, when he was just seven years old.

In 1680 he composed "Arco Triunfal del Neptuno" allegorical of the newcomers viceroys, the Marquis of la Laguna

In 1690, Sor Juana wrote the famous "Carta Atenagórica", whose original name was "La crisis de un sermón" and a year later created "Respuesta a Sor Filotea", in which he captured several autobiographical data.

9.Madre Teresa de Calcuta

She was born on August 27, 1910 in Skopje, Albanian people that had formed part of the former Yugoslavia and which at that time was under Turkish rule (today the capital of the former Republic Yugoslav of Macedonia).She entered at age 18 in the order of the Sisters of our Lady of Loreto in Ireland. Studied in Dublin and in Darjeeling prior to accepting the votes in 1937.

She was the Director of a Catholic school in Calcutta, where the presence of the dying on the streets of the city led her to ask permission to leave his post at the convent and devote since 1948 to care for the sick. In that year it acquired Indian citizenship and the Diocese of Calcutta adopted his congregation with the name of missionaries of charity in 1950. Some time later the order was recognized as a Pontifical congregation under the jurisdiction of Roma.En 1952 created in Calcutta of dying destitute Nirmal Hriday (pure heart) home. At the end of the year expanded the work to the five continents.

In 1979 he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. It modified the Protocol to request dinner of tribute (2,400 euros) spending adding Award (73,000 euros) for use in favour of the poor.

10.Galia Moss

Sailor who in June 2006 became the first Mexican and Latin American to cross the Atlantic Ocean alone making the way from Vigo, Spain, and Quintana Roo, Mexico in 41 days.

11.María Antonieta

Known for her eccentricities and her beauty, The Dauphine of France misunderstood woke up all kinds of envy and smear campaigns. It provoked the wrath of an entire people, which together, began a revolution that would change the history of the world.

12.Marie Curie

Maria Salomea Skłodowska-Curien, popularly known as Marie Curie, was a chemistry and physics Polish - nationalized French--19th-century and 20th (born November 7, 1867 and died July 4, 1934 at age 66) known mainly for:

Be the first person to receive two Nobel prizes and the only one to do so in two different scientific fields: Physics (1903) and chemistry (1910).

Be an icon of women in science and society: was the first woman to win a Nobel Prize, occupy a Chair and teach at the University of Paris and the second woman in history to obtain the degree of doctor of Physics (after Elsa Neumann).

Her findings, pioneers in the field of radioactivity: she discovered two new chemical radioactive elements (polonium and Radium), developed techniques for the isolation of radioactive isotopes and investigated the use of radioactivity for medicinal purposes.

13.Coco Chanel

She was born on August 19, 1883 in France and died on January 10, 1971.Her real name was Gabrielle. In 1921 Chanel launched Chanel No. 5. The popular fragrance is named number 5 was the favorite of the designer, even the time select the aroma chose the fifth sample. Currently sold a bottle of Chanel No. 5 every 30 seconds. His mother died of tuberculosis when he was 12 years old, and his father left the family, so he spent the next 6 years in an orphanage. Chanel invented the Little Black Dress in 1936, which was named by Vogue Paris as "Chanel's Ford" for its versatility and practicality.

14.Amelia Earhart

First woman who flew across the Atlantic Ocean. Tragically disappeared in 1937, as he tried to turn to the world. He managed to expand the notion of a woman reaches.

15.Rosa Parks

Social activist who peacefully refused to cede its place on the bus to a white man in the United States. Well lit the spark that would lead to protests without violence in favor of civil rights for African-Americans.

16.Caresse Crosby

Her real name was Mary Phelps Jacoy and was the creator of the first modern brassiere, patented in 1914.

17.Reina Isabel II

The second longest-lived Queen in the history of the United Kingdom. It has managed to modernize and give a new look to the monarchy. Her popularity among the population continues to be solid and impressive.


Always evolving, the singer has sold more than 300 million copies. He has dabbled in the world of acting, directing, production, fashion and books for children. Consolidated as an artist, she managed to bring the girl power to unexpected dimensions.

19.Sally Ride

Tennis professional and educated in physics, was the first American woman in space in 1983.

20. J.K. Rowling

Author of the Harry Potter book series. Got a whole generation of children, and adults, to resume the habit of reading. The first book wrote it to being a single mother, and is now one of the writers and most successful entrepreneurs in the world.


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