To sum up (in the beggining!) vampires are blood-sucking undeads who move by night. All of those can be discussed, but when you mention someone just one of them, they know. You they know.
Not always did they look pale and hot; it started even in 19th century with novels like "Dracula" and "Carmilla". They were supposed to be ugly and unappealing so children would come home before nightfall. Dracula's brides for example, are described as highly seductive women, and who wouldn't agree to disappear into the night with them lol
Movies and tv shows, books and other describe vampires as thin/anorexic creatures, while some give them everyday proportions. in myths, active vampires were puffy and blushy, while those who were burried with a stone in their mouth or turned around in face to bottom of the grave position were not able to feed and they would look starved.
owever, they have been showing up in many cultures, but "vampire" as expression was not really popular, especially in England, until 18th century. for example, there is a 800 years old skeleton found in Bulgaria. Obivously thought to be a vampire since it is found with stake stabbed through his chest. 800 years!!!
The notion of vampirism has existed for millennia. Cultures such as the Mesopotamians, Hebrews, Ancient Greeks, and Romans had tales of demons and spirits which are considered precursors to modern vampires.
"it is even questionable how much vampires really despised crosses. vampires existed in all mythologies and they weren't always simple humans, but mythological creatures, too. They feared crosses and holy water , Bible and wafer only on territories which were baptized." me as Mythmacabre on instagram.
One pretty bad stereotype is that vampires first showed up in Transylvania, but that's just wrong. Even worse, Vlad the Impaler was not a vampire, but hero of his land. Some people think he didn't even exist as a human, and it is something I myself discovered few months ago. even though there are many people who still relate the real man, Vlad Dracula ||| with the "myth" as they say, but it is not mentioned in any myth about him, there are many of those who know he was a respected noble, beloved hero who was known to be remorseless among enemies for his tehnique of punishing. First vampire appeared in Croatia and then they started showing up around and countries on Balkan started giving them names like these: shtriga in Albania, vrykolakas in Greece and strigoi in Romania. In Croatia we only say "vampir" but there are some more awesome names than these like Turkish upior, upper and my favorite upyr.
( Bulgarian and Macedonian вампир (vampir), Bosnian: lampir, Croatian vampir, Czech and Slovak upír, Polish wąpierz, and (perhaps East Slavic-influenced) upiór, Ukrainian упир (upyr), Russian упырь (upyr'), Belarusian упыр (upyr), from Old East Slavic упирь (upir') (note that many of these languages have also borrowed forms such as "vampir/wampir" subsequently from the West; these are distinct from the original local words for the creature). The exact etymology is unclear.)
One more thing is this: vampires and werevolves were 'cool' at different times, but unlike in today's movies and books, they were often confused with one another. Just one example, it will do: in Greece vampires are called Vrykolakas, and in Croatia we say "vukodlak" and it really sound very similar when you say it.
"Not only werewolves , but witches and wizards as well as fairies were confused with vampires. Water elves, the nearest explanation, are creatures who live in waterfalls and lakes. They are described as beautiful men and women with long hair and nude. They would usually sing, in some myths by day, in some just by night and attract people near and then eat them or take them along in their underwater homes to be their servants, or sexual slaves." - mythmacabre on instagram.
So, let's divide vampires from other supernatural species, there are still so many stereotypes which don't make a lot of sense. Bats are aesthetically appealing, even though they became association on vampires quiet late. There are many other animals related to vampires, like moths, mosquitoes, rats, even wolves sometimes, cats and sometimes dogs. however, bat's do have some sense, Three bat species feed solely on blood: the common vampire bat (Desmodus rotundus), the hairy-legged vampire bat (Diphylla ecaudata), and the white-winged vampire bat (Diaemus youngi).
"It is difficult to make a single, definitive description of the folkloric vampire, though there are several elements common to many European legends. Vampires were usually reported as bloated in appearance, and ruddy, purplish, or dark in colour; these characteristics were often attributed to the recent drinking of blood. Indeed, blood was often seen seeping from the mouth and nose when one was seen in its shroud or coffin and its left eye was often open. It would be clad in the linen shroud it was buried in, and its teeth, hair, and nails may have grown somewhat, though in general fangs were not a feature" - wikipedia
In my experience there are three types of people.
First type are those who say "Dracula" instead of "vampire". They don't separate those two words and use them proudly. They think that it is absolutely normal and right. Basically the same thing.
Second are those who know thar Dracula existed and say he was a vampire and judge all those who find him to be fascinating and good leader. Yet they separate word "vampire" from the name of Dracula.
Third type is the rarest, and that is kind of people fans of mythology and non-twilight vampire fans like to speak with. They know Dracula was not count, that he didn't bite anyone's neck except for his wife's perhaps, but just for fun, and that vampires don't glow.
I always somehow get to these topics when I meet new people and I am always in a good mood to explain these things.
Vampirism even made it's way in fashion quiet a long time ago.
"Christabel invites the obivously a proto vampire Geraldine back to her place and they embark on some serious heavy petting. Geraldine begins to undress:
her silken robe and inner vest
Dropt to her feet and full in view... ...at this point Byron's recitation must have reached a dramatic high..."
from "Catalogue" magazine about Lord Byron's recitation.
BACK TO DRACULA'S BRIDES and sexy vampires.
"Joseph Sheridan Le Fany’s gothic 1872 novella about a female vampire, “Carmilla,” is considered the prototype for female and lesbian vampires and greatly influenced Bram Stoker’s own Dracula. In the story, Carmilla is eventually discovered as a vampire and, true to folklore remedies, she is staked in her blood-filled coffin, beheaded, and cremated." -random facts (randomfacts.com)
In Victorian time already, as well as before and after it, having a lover was called "raped" or "kidnapped by a vampire". Both men and women were visited by the creatures of the night. They were also known as sexual demons incubus and succubus. However, when for example a man cheated on his wife, it was said he was taken away by a female vampire, and no one would judge him, but pity and forgive.
SOME FUN MYTHS like one that says how priests were forbidden to be around funerals or visit grave soon after death. Or basically go on graveyard at all. It was believed that they have special powers, magical powers, that they are able to perform any witchcraft meaning raise the dead.
According to several legends, if someone was bitten by a suspected vampire, one should dring the ashes of the burned vampire. To prevent an attack, a person should make bread with the blood of a vampire and eat it.
"Celtic for “stone tables,“ dolmens may have been placed over graves to keep vampires from rising. Prehistoric stone monuments called “dolmens” have been found over the graves of the dead in northwest Europe. Anthropologists speculate they have been placed over graves to keep vampires from rising."
"Before Christianity, methods of repelling vampires included garlic, hawthorn branches, rowan trees (later used to make crosses), scattering of seeds, fire, decapitation with gravedigger’s spade, salt (associated with preservation and purity), iron, bells, a rooster’s crow, peppermint, running water, and burying a suspected vampire at a crossroads. It was also not unusual for a corpse to be buried face down so it would dig down the wrong way and become lost in the earth." ⚪ COPY from randomfacts.com
wooden stake couldn't kill a vampire every time. Sometimes, a vampire would hunt after the human who once attempted to kill him or her. There was a priest who killed a vampire and obivously didn't kill him well. Soon the vampire started the hunt for the priest. The priest covered himself with vampire's blood to protect himself , but it didn't work out because priest was soon found dead. Villagers burned his body after stabbing and beheading it to prevent the priest from becoming a vampire himself.
One myth about vampires says how the soul of an evil man, when he was on his way of becoming a vampire, was just ghastly stain. That faded, more or less transprent material has glowing red eyes and has to feed. It is very easy to kill, but evil man's soul has to be found, in fact detected as a vampire and however be destroyed aa soon as possible. If it manages to live for more than 40 days, it starts evolving into a human-like creature until, through a period of time it looks like one. It has greater needs and is very hard to kill.
except for Sava Savanović of who I already wrote a post, there was Jure Grando Alilovič or Giure Grando (1579 - 1656) was a villager from the region of Istria in modern day Croatia) who may have been the first real person described as a vampire in historical records. He was referred to as a strigoi, štrigon or štrigun, a local word for something resembling a vampire and a warlock. Jure Grando lived in Kringa, a small town in the interior of the Istrian peninsula near Tinjan. He died in 1656 due to illness but according to legend, returned from the grave at night as a vampire (štrigon) and terrorised his village until his decapitation in 1672. Ana and Nikola Alilovič, daughter and son of Jure, fled from Istria to Volterra, Italy at young ages. The legend tells that, for 16 years after his death, Jure would arise from his grave by night and terrorise the village. The village priest, Giorgio, who had buried Jure sixteen years previously discovered that at night somebody would knock on the doors around the village, and on whichever door he knocked, someone from that house would die within the next few days. Jure also appeared to his terrified widow in her bedroom, who described the corpse as looking as though he was smiling and gasping for breath, and would then sexually assault her. When Father Giorgio eventually came face to face with the vampire, he held out a cross in front of him and yelled "Behold Jesus Christ, you vampire! Stop tormenting us!" The bravest of the villagers led by the prefect Miho Radetić chased and tried to kill the vampire by piercing his heart with a hawthorn stick, but failed because the stick just bounced off of his chest. One night later, nine people went to the graveyard, carrying a cross, lamps and a hawthorn stick. They dug up Jure's coffin, and found a perfectly preserved corpse with a smile on its face. Father Giorgio said: "Look, štrigon, there is Jesus Christ who saved us from hell and died for us. And you, štrigon, you cannot have peace!" They then tried to pierce its heart again, but the stick could not penetrate its flesh. After some exorcism prayers, Stipan Milašić (one of the villagers), took a saw and sawed the head off the corpse. As soon as the saw tore his skin, the vampire screamed and blood started to flow from the cut. According to folklore, peace finally returned to the region after Jure's decapitation.
Many people through the history were thought to be vampires and all those were burried out at least once. However it took a lot of courage to kill a vampire, in fact stab a dead or not so dead person in the chest, cut off head. The killer, the chosen one or the volonteur was always a hero. except for the fact that it was about half dead body, a monster, a spawn of Satan, people were afraid if vampire would attack them or hunt them if one doesn't kill him well. Even though people would usually garther around the vampire curiously, the sound which releases when corpse is stabbed in chest or stomach caused by gases and which sounds like loud screaming would make everyone terrified and scarred.
I hoped you enjoyed all this.
Thank you for reading.